Uma viticultura de encosta que desfruta do sol quente da Sicília e dos ventos que envolvem os vinhedos da Fazenda Giudeo a poucos quilômetros do mar. Aqui, as características da zona rural de Marsala contam o ambiente típico do oeste da Sicília, com seus vales alternados e terrenos altos. Um território rico em história e cultura, onde extensões de vinhedos (Grillo, Zibibbo e Catarratto Lucido para as uvas brancas, Nero D’Avola e uma seleção clonal de Nerello Mascalese para as uvas vermelhas) cobrem grande parte do interior da Sicília. , entre os mais adequados da ilha e, não surpreendentemente, o mais vinhedo da Itália. Aqui, o solo é principalmente argiloso e caracterizado por sedimentações marinhas de diferentes profundidades; a sucessão de solos está ligada por carbonatos, com textura grosseira nas partes superiores e gradualmente mais finos no vale e nas partes terminais: de cima para baixo, portanto, muda a granulometria mantendo a matriz carbonática. O clima é naturalmente mediterrâneo mas caracteriza-se pela variedade de microclimas (em particular tendendo ao semi-árido) e pelas fortes oscilações de temperatura entre o dia e a noite que frequentemente ultrapassam os 15 ° C de diferença, criando as condições ideais para uma qualidade superior. das uvas e, portanto, dos vinhos. Os vinhedos – todos conduzidos em agricultura orgânica – estão situados entre 85 e 108 metros acima do nível do mar e se estendem em dois lados opostos com orientação Norte / Noroeste e Leste / Sudeste. 37 ° 45 ’59’ Norte 12 °, 38 ’42’ Leste.
Pedology of the area
The characteristics of the Marsala countryside tell of the typical environment of western Sicily with its alternating valleys and high floors present in this type of countryside. Among the Firriato estates, Giudeo is the southernmost one and extends over a typical succession of soils with an orogenetic basis due to marine sediments of different depths. In the upper part there is sandstone with large granulometry and, a few tens of meters deep, there are accumulations of clays. Along the slope of Judeo, the succession of soils is linked by carbonates, with coarse texture in the upper parts and gradually finer in the valley and terminal parts: from top to bottom, therefore, the grain size changes while maintaining the carbonate matrix. The pedological succession – that is the composition -, the genesis and the modifications of the soil are made up of entisols (young soils in the upper part), inceptisols (little evolved soils) in the intermediate portion and vertisols (with abundant presence of particular types of clayey minerals) in the valley position.
A territory rich in history and culture where Giudeo estate develops; here expanses of vineyards cover a large part of the Sicilian countryside. The climate is naturally Mediterranean but is characterized by the variety of microclimates and by the strong temperature fluctuations between day and night which often exceed 15 ° C difference, creating the ideal conditions for a higher quality of the grapes and therefore of the wines. The vineyards are located at an altitude of about 85 and 108 meters above sea level and extend over the typical alternating valleys and plateaus present in this part of western Sicily, today considered the most suitable of the island and not surprisingly the most planted in the area. ‘Italy. The soil is mainly clayey and characterized by marine sedimentations of different depths.
Climatology of the area
The area is characterized by a set of climatic phenomena of an intermediate scale (compared to those that make up the microclimate and macroclimate). According to the Thorntwite index – given by the ratio between total monthly rainfall and total monthly evaporation – Giudeo estate is characterized by climatic conditions tending to semi-arid. The estate is also characterized by strong temperature fluctuations between day and night which are around 15 ° C, and is located between 85 and 108 meters above sea level, with vineyards on two opposite sides: North orientation / North-West and East / South-East.
Grillo, Zibibbo and Catarratto Lucido for the white berried grapes, Nero D’Avola, and a clonal selection of Nerello Mascalese for the red berried ones constitute the different cultivars bred with the espalier system, characterized by long and rich pruning. The excellent vigor of the plants and the good vegetative-productive balance qualify the particularities of the Giudeo estate’s vineyards. The harvest is done manually and carried out in the period between the first and third decade of September.
The whole vineyard is managed and certified according to the rules of organic farming. The plants are left with free vegetation in order to increase the level of coverage of the bunches and maintain a microclimate of freshness on the berries. Grassing with mixed-spontaneous essences is one of the most important cultural practices.