カヴァネーラ・エトネア農園:エトナ火山の印と活力

カヴァネーラのワイナリーはエトナ山にあります。美しい段丘に囲まれたヴェルゼッラ地区の北東斜面に広がる合計11haの土地がカヴァネラのワイナリーです。伝統あるブドウ畑の一部には100年以上の歴史を持つものもあり、その周りに若い畑が広がっています。そこではエトナのブドウ農家が伝統を世代から世代へと受け継ぎながら、独特な条件によりよく適応し最高品質の実をつける品種だけを育ててきた、ブドウ樹の比類のない美しさが感じられます。エトナというのは実際あらゆる数値が平均を大きく上回る、想像を絶する土壌なのです。火山土は新しく活力があるわけで、エトナは地質学的にはまだ生まれたてです。この土壌は肥沃度が圧倒的に高いと言われていますが、その理由は鉱物質が豊富に含まれ、それが簡単に根から吸収できるからです。砂質が強い火山土ではブドウ樹の根は数メートルの深さまで達し、ブドウの生産サイクルに必要な栄養素の吸収率が急激に高まるのです。これほど自然の恵みが多くなりすぎると、今度は過剰分を抑えてバランスをとり、奥深さと上品さを加える必要が出てきますが、それが今やフィリアートワインのスタイルの定義となりました。ブドウ農園は1556年の噴火で形成されたシャーラ(溶岩流)にほど近く、海抜600mから800mの山々に囲まれています。栽培方法は高地や山のものと同じですが、緯度的にみると強い日差しや温暖な気候が地理的特徴となるので、この点が北イタリアやヨーロッパ大陸の高地ブドウ栽培とは異なります。すなわち、まるでヴァッレダオスタやトレンティーノの山の伝統的なブドウ園を持ちながら、数㎞のところには海があって太陽に恵まれているようなものです。このようなブドウ栽培は非常に独特で他に類を見ませんし、シチリアのワイン造りの歴史における自然のパラドックスであるとも言えます。ディ・ガエターノ家とフィリアート社はこの特異な土地に挑戦し、イタリアワイン界の中でエトナだけが手に入れることができる強い個性と将来的な価値を見出したのです。

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Cavanera Etnea

The vineyard

During the mild days of spring, when the skies are clear and the clouds dance around the summit of Etna, Firriato’s vineyards are resplendent in all their glory. Vine specimens that have been growing for hundreds of years— real natural sculptures— populate the terraces surrounding the antique palmento and are testimony of widespread vine cultivation even before the time of the phylloxera plague. Vineyards cover three different areas of the Cavanera Etnea Estate totalling an area of 22 hectares. Firriato’s main centre on Etna is on the North-East slope in Contrada Verzella at a height of 600m above sea level, while to the north at an altitude of 900m above sea level are the vineyards of Contrada Sant’Antonio and Contrada Montedolce.

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Cavanera Etnea

The Palmento

The north east slope of Etna is characterised by a phenomenon of urbanisation which is evidenced by the important presence of small agricultural plots marked by antique farmhouses. The Di Gaetano family have decided to continue this legacy by returning the property in Contrada Verzella back to its former glory. The property consists of the main farmhouse and the palmento (an old word applied to the structure and the equipment contained within, for making wine), dating back to the 1700s, which contains the wooden wine press, the containment vats carved out from the rock, and the drainage channels which were made either from terracotta or hollowed out from the hard basalt rock. It is a precious example of a physical artefact linked to wine-making culture, and is testimony of a history which Firriato has restored and brought to life once again.

Cavanera Etnea

Terroir

Etna’s volcanic terrain is powerful because from a geological point of view it is a young cultivation area, capable of releasing a highly valuable supply of minerals. The extreme youth of the terrain makes it rich in elements such as iron, silica, aluminium, manganese and magnesium. The fertility of these soils is immense because their high mineral content is easily accessed by the plants’ roots—roots that in the sandy volcanic soil can reach a depth of several metres. This exponentially increases the absorbance of nutrients necessary for the plants’ productive cycle—a cycle which is also determined by the plants’ exposure.

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Cavanera Etnea

Resort

The Cavanera Etnea Resort is a place to experience and discover the strong link the Di Gaetano family have with Etna. A place where they interpret its nature through scrupulous mountainside viticulture, bringing the volcano’s unique and distinctive oenological characteristics to the glass. It is the ideal location for a 360 degree experience in the sensorial universe of the wines produced in this enchanting setting. The resort is equipped with all the modern comforts for an elegant stay in an unspoilt natural landscape. A landscape to be explored and admired by taking an excursion in the Etna woods or up to the craters at the summit of the volcano.